Design of the gun is attributed to German engineer Werner Gruner Some quantities of M53s were exported to Iraq in the s and saw extensive action during both Gulf wars. As a consequence one of the MG 42 most notable features was in its high cyclic rate of fire of about 1, to 1, rounds per minute, twice the rate of the Vickers and Browning machine guns, which fired at a rate of about rounds per minute. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Upon firing, rearward force from the recoil of the cartridge ignition pushes the striker assembly back and allows the rollers to move inwards, back to their previous position, unlocking the bolt head and allowing the bolt assembly to recoil, extracting the spent cartridge and ejecting it down. The weapon weighed
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While always intended to supplant the preceding MG34 design, wartime demand and production reach meant that the MG42 actually supplemented the earlier machine gun in the same role. It includes the knowledge required to construct such technology, to employ it in combat, and to repair and replenish it. The Encyclopedia of the Korean War: Unfortunately, maachine editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.
MG42 | machine gun |
The original rotating bolt function was dropped, however, as it was now replaced by a Polish-inspired method using a recoil-operated, roller-locked action. The return spring then pushes the bolt assembly forwards again, pushing a new cartridge out of the belt into the breech, and the sequence repeats as long as the trigger is depressed.
Couple this demand with wartime attrition and German factories simply failed to keep up with the need which led to a more streamlined solution. Later in the war, the MG 34 was used as the basis for the Luftwaffe ‘s MG 81 flexible defensive gun that had a cyclic fire rate of 1, rounds per minute.
Production peaked in withunits completed.
As the MG 34 Panzerlaufit was used throughout the war as secondary armament on panzers and other vehicles. The MG13 was the result of reengineering the Dreyse Water cooled machine gun to fit the new requirement. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Petroleum, complex mixture of hydrocarbons that occur in Earth in liquid, gaseous, or solid form.
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Maschinengewehr Modell 42 (MG42) General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) – Nazi Germany
Other personnel could be brought into play – extra persons carrying extra ammunition, spare barrels, and a tripod. The German tactical doctrine of the era based a squad ‘s firepower on the general-purpose machine gun in the light machine gun role so that the role of the rifleman was largely to carry ammunition and provide covering fire for the machine gunners.
Where applicable, the appearance of U. World War II infantry tactics: Angola and Mozambique — Its original calibre was 7. Some engineering changes were to use a barrel chambered for the. Retrieved 17 February The high rate-of-fire naturally had a detrimental effect on accuracy – as was the case with the MG34 – and several design initiatives were introduced to help with this issue. The MG42 was designed in Germany inand it was placed in action on all fronts by mid Due to the relatively limited production of semi-automatic and assault rifles, the Karabiner 98k of which over 14, were built remained the primary service weapon until the last days of World War II, and was manufactured until the surrender in May The Americans and the British trained their troops to take cover from the fire of an MG 42, and assault the position during the small time window of barrel replacement, which took around 4 to 7 seconds estimated.
This meant that the MG42 could be made available in number within cost and not falter mechanically under the stresses of battlefield abuse. However, the high rate-of-fire reduced accuracy of the weapon when in its bipod guise so short burst fire or single-shot fire was recommended. The MG 42 has a proven record of reliability, durability, simplicity, and ease of operation, but is most notable for its ability to produce a high volume of suppressive fire.
Our minimum age for shooters is 10 years of age. Designed to be low-cost and easy to build, the MG 42 proved to be highly reliable and easy to operate. By now, the Germans were at total war with neighbors and in far-off places like North Africa so all of her warring services land, sea, and air required the MG34 but even five full factories committed to its production could not eliminate the shortages of the excellent machine gun.
MG42 Machine Gun
Archived from the original on 21 November The shoulder stock is designed to permit gripping with the left hand to hold it secure against the shoulder. For the medium machine gun role a large tripod, the Lafette 42was available that included a number of features, such as recoil absorbing buffer springs, MG Z 34 or MG Z 40 periscope-type telescopic sight containing special sighting equipment for indirect fireor the late World War II MG Z 44, designed for direct fire only.
Mercenaries in Asymmetric Conflicts. All these changes were intended to increase, maintain, or accommodate the gun’s high practical rate of fire.